Protecting Your Home and Health: A Disaster Preparedness Guide
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Protecting Your Home and Health: A Disaster Preparedness Guide
Every part of the country faces threats from at least one or more types of natural or man-made disasters. Earthquakes, which are primarily known to plague the West coast, can bring down the strongest buildings and destroy roads and infrastructure. Hurricanes are severe windstorms that mostly occur along the East coast, and can wipe out large swaths of homes. Flooding, the most common type of natural or man-made disaster can destroy homes, buildings and infrastructure. Wildfires can be caused by lightning or human behavior. Like flooding, wildfires can occur anywhere, destroying homes, infrastructure and even forests. Tornadoes are severe windstorms like hurricanes, except smaller and faster. They inflict concentrated, heavy damage across a smaller area and typically occur in the Midwest. Heat waves, which typically occur during the summer season, are weather events marked by temperatures far above average, often exceeding 100 degrees Fahrenheit. Heat waves can destroy crops and raise the threat of wildfires. In addition, this type of weather event presents the threat of death by heat stroke to animals as well as humans. All of these disasters also threaten to inflict a severe loss of wildlife and human life in their wake. While the predictability of these disasters is unreliable, particularly when it comes to earthquakes, it is possible for people to prepare ahead of time. Preparation is necessary in order to reduce both the severity of damage to property and the likelihood of fatal injuries.
Ohio Department of Public Safety: Are you Ready for a Flood?: This Ohio website is designed to help readers prepare for the possibility of flooding. It does this by listing things that the reader should know and prepare for. Getting and maintaining flood insurance and knowing common flood terminology are just some of the items that are discussed.
Volusia County, Florida: How to Prepare for Floods: A flood preparedness guide that tells the reader how to prepare for a flood. This includes what supplies should be on hand in the event of flooding and preparing a plan. The guide also lists what should be done during a flood and after.
National Geographic: Flood Safety Tips: National Geographic lists safety tips that are helpful for flooding. The tips include what to do well in advance of a flood occurring, when a flood is imminent, during a flood, and after it. Each tip is listed in bullet point format.
Floodsmart.gov: Before a Flood: This web page explains what families should do before a flood hits. The article is in three sections. The sections include Safeguarding Your Possessions, Prepare Your Home, and Develop a Family Emergency Plan.
National Weather Service (NOAA): Hurricane Preparedness - Be Ready: A web page that highlights actions that people should take to prepare for a hurricane. These actions include gathering information, making an emergency plan and creating an emergency supply kit, and understanding what to do in order to recover after a hurricane.
University of West Florida: Hurricane Safety Tips: An article that provides readers with tips on how to stay safe in the event of a hurricane. The article starts by explaining exactly what a hurricane is. It also includes a chart that categorizes hurricanes. Additionally, the chart provides information about damage, sustained winds, and storm surge for each category.
Purdue University: Tornado Safety Tips: A PDF safety and fact sheet about tornadoes. Readers will find a list of the necessary supplies that are needed in the event of a tornado. Readers are also given information about tornado watches and warnings. Danger signs and what to do when at home, work, school, or in the car are also discussed.
University of Idaho: Earthquakes: An article that provides readers with information about earthquakes. It includes how earthquakes are measured and preparing for an earthquake. The readers of the article will also learn what to do when they are inside a building during an earthquake.
FEMA: Earthquakes: This web page discusses earthquakes and includes a tabbed section about safety. Depending on the tab, the reader can view information about what he or she should do before, during or after an earthquake. There is also an additional tab with more information regarding quakes.
Stanford University: Earthquake Preparedness Information: A PDF leaflet that provides readers with evacuation instructions, medical emergency information, and general earthquake preparedness information. The leaflet also gives the reader information that is specific to the campus.
Red Cross: Heat Wave Safety Checklist: A PDF safety checklist from the Red Cross. The checklist is meant for keeping readers safe and healthy during a heat wave. Information is also provided to help people recognize and care for heat related emergencies.
NHS Choices - Heat wave: be prepared: An article that discusses and explains heat waves. Readers of the article will learn why it is a problem, who is at the most risk of having problems from heat waves, and tips on how to cope with them.
United States Army: Heat Wave: A PDF document that reviews heat waves, how to prepare for them and what to do. Heat related emergencies are also included in the document.
New York State Government: Thunderstorm Safety Tips: This web page explains the difference between a severe thunderstorm warning and a severe thunderstorm watch. The rest of the article focuses on preparing for storms and how to stay safe during and after the storm strikes.
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center - Winter Storms: The Deceptive Killers: A PDF about winter storms. It is filled with informative information about winter storms, snow, ice, and winter flooding. The article maps out what type of winter storms most often hit the different parts of the United States. Information on how to prepare for winter storms at home, work, on farms, and even in cars is discussed.
Andrews University Office of Campus Safety: Blizzard Procedures: An article that reviews what should be done in the event of a blizzard. The type of clothing that should be worn during a blizzard is listed, such as a hat and water-resistant boots and coat. The remaining information is regarding blizzard procedures.
Preparing for an Emergency: The Smart Thing to Do: A PDF brochure that explains why it is important to prepare for a disaster. The brochure will also help families to prepare by giving advice on how to make an emergency kit, a communication plan, and an evacuation plan.
A Disaster Kit for Staying at Home: This PDF document explains the importance of being prepared at home for a disaster. The document explains what items are needed and how much is required to sustain a family until help arrives. This includes food, clothing, medication, baby items and emergency supplies.